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Home > Anti-aging Research > Fruits & Vegetables
Fruits & Vegetables
News & Research:
Fruit and Vegetable Intake Is Associated With Lower Risk of ER Breast Cancer
- Science Daily, 1/25/13 - "total fruit and
vegetable intake was statistically significantly linked to a lower risk of
ER- breast cancer, but not with risk of overall breast cancer or risk of ER+
breast tumors. The results showed that the lower risk was mostly associated
with higher vegetable consumption. "These findings support the value of
examining etiologic factors in relation to breast cancer characterized by
hormone receptor status in large pooled analyses because modest associations
with less common breast cancer subtypes may have been missed in smaller
studies," ... the findings of the study support the emphasis on greater
intake for vegetables (and to a lesser extent fruit) to lower the risk of
ER- breast cancer. However, they also write that, "interpretation of these
findings may also be challenged by the known effects of other potential
confounders, including the aggregation of health behaviors.""
apples a day keep the blues at bay - Science Daily, 1/23/13 -
"On days when people ate more fruits and vegetables,
they reported feeling calmer, happier and more energetic than they normally
did ... After further analysis we demonstrated that young people would need
to consume approximately seven to eight total servings of fruits and
vegetables per day to notice a meaningful positive change. One serving of
fruit or vegetables is approximately the size that could fit in your palm,
or half a cup"
Do Fruits and Veggies Make You More Attractive? - WebMD, 3/7/12 -
"changes in the redness and yellowness of skin in
white people may be linked to the number of servings of fruit and vegetables
they eat on a daily basis. These antioxidant-rich foods, which are loaded
with plant-based pigments, seem to affect skin tone ... They suggest it's
the carotenoids -- the red, yellow, and orange pigments in fruits and
vegetables -- that play an important role in skin tone. Foods such as
carrots, sweet potatoes, squash, and apricots are rich in beta-carotene, as
are some dark green vegetables, including spinach and kale ... Another
carotenoid is lycopene, which is found in tomatoes and pink grapefruits"
- See Jarrow Formulas, CarotenALL, Mixed Carotenoid Complex, 60 Softgels
and Garden of Life, Radical Fruits Antioxidant Complex, 60 Caplets at iHerb.
vegetables, fibre and micronutrients and risk of US renal cell carcinoma
- Br J Nutr. 2011 Dec 20:1-9 - "Intake of vegetables
was associated with a decreased risk of RCC (OR 0.5; 95 % CI 0.3, 0.7;
Ptrend = 0.002), (top compared to the bottom quartile of intake). When
intake of individual nutrients was investigated, vegetable fibre intake was
associated with decreased risks (OR 0.4; 95 % CI 0.2, 0.6; P < 0.001), but
this was not the case with fruit fibre (OR 0.7; 95 % CI 0.4, 1.1) or grain
fibre (OR 1.0; 95 % CI 0.6, 1.5). β-Cryptoxanthin and lycopene were also
associated with decreased risks, but when both were included in a mutually
adjusted backwards stepwise regression model, only β-cryptoxanthin remained
significant (OR 0.5; 95 % CI 0.3, 0.8). When other micronutrients and types
of fibre were investigated together, only vegetable fibre and β-cryptoxanthin
had significant trends (P < 0.01) (OR 0.6; 95 % CI 0.3, 0.9) (OR 0.5; 95 %
CI 0.3, 0.9), respectively. These findings were stronger in those aged over
65 years (Pinteraction = 0.001). Among non-smokers, low intake of
cruciferous vegetables and fruit fibre was also associated with increased
risk of RCC (Pinteraction = 0.03); similar inverse associations were found
for β-cryptoxanthin, lycopene and vitamin C. When nutrients were mutually
adjusted by backwards regression in these subgroups, only β-cryptoxanthin
remained associated with lower RCC risk"
Vegetables, fruits, grains reduce stroke risk in women - Science Daily,
12/1/11 - "They used a standard database to
determine participants' total antioxidant capacity (TAC), which measures the
free radical reducing capacity of all antioxidants in the diet and considers
synergistic effects between substances ... For women with no history of
cardiovascular disease who had the highest TAC, fruits and vegetables
contributed about 50 percent of TAC ... Other contributors were whole grains
(18 percent), tea (16 percent) and chocolate (5 percent) ... Women without
cardiovascular disease with the highest levels of dietary TAC had a
statistically significant 17 percent lower risk of total stroke compared to
those in the lowest quintile ... Women with history of cardiovascular
disease in the highest three quartiles of dietary TAC had a statistically
significant 46 percent to 57 percent lower risk of hemorrhagic stroke
compared with those in the lowest quartile"
Apple juice's other health
risk: It'll make you fat - MSNBC, 12/1/11 -
"Apple juice has few natural nutrients, lots of calories and, in some cases,
more sugar than soda has. It trains a child to like very sweet things,
displaces better beverages and foods, and adds to the obesity problem, its
critics say ... Only 17 percent of the apple juice sold in the U.S. is
produced here. The rest comes from other countries, mostly China, Argentina,
Chile and Brazil"
the risk of head and neck cancer: a pooled analysis in the INHANCE
consortium - Cancer Causes Control. 2011 Oct 29 -
"We investigated the association between diet and
head and neck cancer (HNC) risk using data from the International Head and
Neck Cancer Epidemiology (INHANCE) consortium. The INHANCE pooled data
included 22 case-control studies with 14,520 cases and 22,737 controls ...
An inverse association was observed for higher-frequency intake of fruit
(4th vs. 1st quartile OR = 0.52, 95% CI = 0.43-0.62, p (trend) < 0.01) and
vegetables (OR = 0.66, 95% CI = 0.49-0.90, p (trend) = 0.01). Intake of red
meat (OR = 1.40, 95% CI = 1.13-1.74, p (trend) = 0.13) and processed meat
(OR = 1.37, 95% CI = 1.14-1.65, p (trend) < 0.01) was positively associated
with HNC risk"
Eating green veggies improves immune defenses - Science Daily, 10/13/11
- "green vegetables -- from bok choy to broccoli --
are the source of a chemical signal that is important to a fully functioning
immune system. They do this by ensuring that immune cells in the gut and the
skin known as intra-epithelial lymphocytes (IELs) function properly ...
After feeding otherwise healthy mice a vegetable-poor diet for two to three
weeks, I was amazed to see 70 to 80 percent of these protective cells
Eating your greens can change the effect of your genes on heart disease
- Science Daily, 10/11/11 - "The research, which
represents one of the largest gene-diet interaction studies ever conducted
on cardiovascular disease, involved the analysis of more than 27,000
individuals from five ethnicities -- European, South Asian, Chinese, Latin
American and Arab -- and the affect that their diets had on the effect of
the 9p21 gene. The results suggest that individuals with the high risk
genotype who consumed a prudent diet, composed mainly of raw vegetables,
fruits and berries, had a similar risk of heart attack to those with the low
Juice concentrates may boost skin-from-within - Nutra USA, 9/14/11 -
hydration improved by 9% while skin thickness increased by 6% following 12 weeks
of supplementation with a micronutrient-dense concentrate of a range of fruit
and vegetables including cherry, apple, broccoli, cranberry, orange, pineapple,
spinach, and tomato ... skin microcirculation also improved by almost 40%
following supplementation with the juice concentrate, which could boost the
supply of nutrients and oxygen to the skin and thereby boosting health" -
[Abstract] - See
Garden of Life, Radical Fruits Antioxidant Complex, 60 Caplets.
I'll save you the multi-level-marketing Juice Plus mark-up.
Cooked Green Vegetables, Dried Fruit, Legumes, and Brown Rice Associated
With Fewer Colon Polyps - Science Daily, 8/2/11 -
"Eating legumes at least three times a week and
brown rice at least once a week was linked to a reduced risk of colon polyps
by 33 percent and 40 percent respectively ... Results also show that
consuming cooked green vegetables once a day or more, as compared to less
than five times a week, was associated with a 24 percent reduction in the
risk of rectal/colon polyps. Consuming dried fruit three times a week or
more, versus less than once a week, was associated with a 26 percent reduced
levels of dietary nitrate might in part explain the vascular benefits of
diets rich in leafy greens - Science Daily, 3/23/11 -
"Nitric oxide (NO) is an important molecule that
helps maintain the contractility and health of vascular smooth muscle cells,
and multiple studies have linked vascular pathology to a decreased level of
NO ... NO is synthesized from arginine by an enzyme called nitric oxide
synthase (NOS) ... after vessel injury in the rat, the NOS pathway is
disrupted, but a secondary pathway that generates NO from nitrate is
activated. Furthermore, supplementing rats with nitrate before inducing
vessel injury markedly limited the extent of the damage, while a diet low in
nitrate exacerbated it ... high levels of dietary nitrate might in part
explain the vascular benefits of diets rich in leafy greens, but warn that
high dose supplementation could lead to the generation of carcinogenic
more efficient muscles? Eat your spinach - Science Daily, 2/1/11 -
"dietary nitrate feeds into a pathway that produces
nitric oxide with the help of friendly bacteria found in our mouths. Nitric
oxide has been known for two decades as a physiologically important
molecule. It opens up our blood vessels to lower blood pressure, for
instance ... Among the more consistent findings from nutritional research
are the beneficial effects of a high intake of fruit and vegetables in
protection against major disorders such as cardiovascular disease and
diabetes ... the underlying mechanism(s) responsible for these effects is
still unclear, and trials with single nutrients have generally failed. It is
tempting to speculate that boosting of the nitrate-nitrite-NO pathway may be
one mechanism by which vegetables exert their protective effects"
vegetables gives skin a more healthy glow than the sun, study shows -
Science Daily, 1/11/11 - "people who eat more portions of fruit and vegetables
per day have a more golden skin colour, thanks to substances called carotenoids.
Carotenoids are antioxidants that help soak up damaging compounds produced by
the stresses and strains of everyday living, especially when the body is
combating disease. Responsible for the red colouring in fruit and vegetables
such as carrots and tomatoes, carotenoids are important for our immune and
reproductive systems ... given the choice between skin colour caused by suntan
and skin colour caused by carotenoids, people preferred the carotenoid skin
colour" - See
Jarrow Formulas, CarotenALL, Mixed Carotenoid Complex, 60 Softgels.
vegetables, and olive oil and risk of coronary heart disease in Italian
women: the EPICOR Study - Am J Clin Nutr. 2010 Dec 22 -
"aimed to investigate the association between
consumption of fruit, vegetables, and olive oil and the incidence of
coronary heart disease (CHD) in 29,689 women enrolled between 1993 and 1998
... A strong reduction in CHD risk among women in the highest quartile of
consumption of leafy vegetables (hazard ratio: 0.54; 95% CI: 0.33, 0.90; P
for trend = 0.03) and olive oil (hazard ratio: 0.56; 95% CI: 0.31, 0.99; P
for trend = 0.04) was found. In contrast, no association emerged between
fruit consumption and CHD risk"
fruits and vegetables unlikely to protect against cancer, study suggests
- Science Daily, 12/10/10
and vegetable intake and incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus: systematic
review and meta-analysis - BMJ. 2010 Aug 18;341:c4229 -
"greater intake of green leafy vegetables was
associated with a 14% (hazard ratio 0.86, 95% confidence interval 0.77 to
0.97) reduction in risk of type 2 diabetes (P=0.01). The summary estimates
showed no significant benefits of increasing the consumption of vegetables,
fruit, or fruit and vegetables combined"
Cancer protective effect of fruits and vegetables may be modest at best
- Science Daily, 4/6/10
Good Diet May Aid Ovarian Cancer Survival - WebMD, 3/4/10 -
"five years, 75% of the women who ate less than one
serving a week of yellow vegetables were alive, compared to about 82% of
those who had three or more servings of yellow vegetables a week ... When
the researchers looked at red meat lovers vs. avoiders, "we found almost a
threefold risk of dying for those women who ate four or more servings of red
meat a week compared to those who ate less than one serving per week over
the 11-year study period"
Phytochemicals In Plant-based Foods Could Help Battle Obesity, Disease -
Science Daily, 10/21/09 - "Eating more plant-based
foods, which are rich in substances called phytochemicals, seems to prevent
oxidative stress in the body, a process associated with obesity and the
onset of disease ... Diets low in plant-based foods affect health over the
course of a long period of time ... This is related to annual weight gain,
low levels of inflammation and oxidative stress. Those are the onset
processes of disease that debilitate people later in life"
Few Eating Enough Fruits, Veggies - WebMD, 9/29/09 -
"Only 14% of U.S. adults and 9.5% of U.S. teens meet
the government's goals for eating enough fruits and vegetables"
Orange Juice Worse For Teeth Than Whitening Agents - Science Daily,
6/30/09 - "the effects of 6 percent hydrogen
peroxide, the common ingredient in professional and over-the-counter
whitening products, are insignificant compared to acidic fruit juices.
Orange juice markedly decreased hardness and increased roughness of tooth
May Reduce Risk Of Prostate Cancer - Science Daily, 6/3/09 -
"a diet low in fat, high in vegetables and fruit,
and avoiding high energy intake, excessive meat, and excessive dairy
products and calcium intake may be helpful in preventing prostate cancer,
and for patients diagnosed with prostate cancer ... Specifically,
consumption of tomatoes, cauliflower, broccoli, green tea, and vitamins
including Vitamin E and selenium seemed to propose a decreased risk of
prostate cancer. Consumption of highly processed or charcoaled meats, dairy
products, and fats seemed to be correlated with prostate cancer"
Fruit and veg may slash colorectal cancer risk: Study - Nutra USA,
5/11/09 - "Over 8.8 years of follow-up ... the
highest average intakes of fruit and vegetables was associated with a 14 per
cent reduction in colorectal cancer risk, and a 24 per cent reduction in the
risk of colon cancer" - [Abstract]
Plants Protect Us From Disease - Science Daily, 4/19/09 -
"Everyday foods, beverages, and spices contain healthful
compounds that help us fight harmful inflammation. And, in doing that, these
phytochemicals—the resveratrol in red wine or the catechins in green, white and
black teas, for instance—may also reduce our risk of diseases associated with
chronic inflammation, including cancer and diabetes"
Poised To Give Blueberries Run For The Money - Science Daily, 1/28/09 -
"one relatively inexpensive plum contains about the same
amount of antioxidants as a handful of more expensive blueberries ... one
benefit the team found was that the phytonutrients in plums inhibited in vitro
breast cancer growth without adversely affecting normal cell growth"
Mediterranean Diet Reduces Long-term Risk Of Subsequent Weight Gain And Obesity
Among Adults - Science Daily, 1/22/09 - "increased
fruit and vegetable intake was associated with significantly lower risk of a
medium WG (3,41 kg) over 10 years among adults of a Spanish Mediterranean
population. Dietary strategies to increase fruit and vegetable intake to prevent
and control overweight and obesity should be promoted more vigorously"
Juice Can Delay Onset Of Alzheimer's Disease, Study Suggests - Science
Daily, 1/22/09 - "drinking apple juice helped mice
perform better than normal in maze trials, and prevented the decline in
performance that was otherwise observed as these mice aged ... mice receiving
the human equivalent of 2 glasses of apple juice per day for 1 month produced
less of a small protein fragment, called "beta-amyloid" that is responsible for
forming the "senile plaques" that are commonly found in brains of individuals
suffering from Alzheimer's disease"
Cancer: Diet High In Vegetables, Fruit And Fiber May Cut Risk Of Cancer
Recurrence In Women Without Hot Flashes - Science Daily, 12/30/08 -
"A secondary analysis of a large, multicenter clinical
trial has shown that a diet loaded with fruits, vegetables and fiber and
somewhat lower in fat compared to standard federal dietary recommendations cuts
the risk of recurrence in a subgroup of early-stage breast cancer survivors –
women who didn't have hot flashes – by approximately 31 percent. These patients
typically have higher recurrence and lower survival rates than breast cancer
patients who have hot flashes"
Compound Reduces Aging Effect - Science Daily, 12/28/08 -
"in aging rats, pterostilbene was effective in reversing
cognitive decline and that improved working memory was linked to pterostilbene
levels in the hippocampus region of the brain"
Can Fruits, Vegetables Cut Colon Cancer Risk? - WebMD, 9/11/08 -
"Based on those answers, the researchers concluded that
men who ate the most fruits and vegetables were 26% less likely to develop
colorectal cancer than men who ate the least ... No decrease in risk associated
with fruit and vegetable consumption was seen for women"
Vegetables, Fruit Intake Linked to Lower Risk for Diabetes in Women -
Medscape, 7/8/09 - "Women who have a higher intake of
green leafy vegetables and fruit have a lower risk for type 2 diabetes, whereas
those who have a higher intake of fruit juices may have an increased risk for
the disease ... An increase of 3 servings of total fruit and vegetable
consumption per day was not linked to the development of diabetes
(multivariate-adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 0.99; 95% confidence interval [CI],
0.94 -1.05), However, an increase in whole fruit consumption of 3 servings per
day was associated with a lower risk for type 2 diabetes (HR, 0.82 ... An
increase of 1 serving per day of green leafy vegetables was linked to a slightly
lower hazard of diabetes (HR, 0.91; 95% CI, 0.84 - 0.98). In contrast, an
increase of 1 serving per day of fruit juice consumption was associated with an
increased risk for diabetes (HR, 1.18"
Was Right -- And Wrong -- About Washing Fruits And Vegetables - Science
Finding the Right Prostate Cancer Diet - WebMD, 2/15/08 -
"poultry and eggs double the risk of prostate cancer
progression ... orange and yellow vegetables, such as squash, yams, and carrots,
and cruciferous vegetables, such as broccoli, cut the risk of recurrence by
about half ... If you eat chicken or poultry, eat it without the skin ... the
men's overall PSA doubling time was nearly four times slower after they began
drinking pomegranate juice"
Purple Pigments In Fruits, Vegetables And Berries, Such As Blueberries, May Help
Prevent Obesity - Science Daily, 2/11/08 - "Anthocyanins
fed as the whole blueberry did not prevent and may have actually increased
obesity ... However, feeding purified anthocyanins from blueberries or
strawberries reduced obesity"
Vegetables- and antioxidant-related nutrients, genetic susceptibility, and
non-Hodgkin lymphoma risk - Cancer Causes Control. 2008 Jan 17 -
"For the GSTM3 3-base insertion and higher total
vegetable intake, the risk was 0.56 (0.35-0.92, p interaction = 0.03); for GSTP1
A114V and higher cruciferous vegetable intake, the risk was 0.52 (0.34-0.81, p
interaction = 0.02); for OGG1 S326C and higher daily zinc intake, the risk was
0.71 (0.47-1.08, p interaction = 0.04) and for XRCC3 T241M and higher green
leafy vegetable intake, the risk was 0.63"
Fruit, Vegetable Eaters Have Fewer Strokes - WebMD, 1/9/08 -
"Specifically, vitamin C levels may prove to be a good
predictive indicator of stroke risk, independent of known risk factors such as
age, smoking history, blood pressure, and cholesterol, they write"
Cooking Veggies May Not Cut Nutrients - WebMD, 12/21/07 -
"In some cases, the veggies lost antioxidants to
cooking. But not all antioxidants decreased when cooked -- and in some cases,
certain antioxidant levels rose when cooked"
Raspberries and Esophageal Cancer - Medscape, 12/10/07 -
"Most important, 8-epiprostaglandin F2α (8-isoprostane)
declined significantly after berry consumption (P < .05), with dramatic
individual level declines occurring in 58% of the study patients" - See
raspberry extracts at iHerb.
Is There an Anticancer Diet? - WebMD, 12/6/07 - "Raw
cruciferous vegetables such as broccoli,
broccoli sprouts, cabbage, and cauliflower seem to reduce
bladder cancer risk by about 40%"
Cancer Prevention: New Evidence For The Protective Effects Of Fruits And Veggies
- Science Daily, 12/6/07
Fish, Omega-3 Oils, Fruits And Veggies Lowers Risk Of Memory Problems -
Science Daily, 11/13/07 - "People who ate fruits and
vegetables daily also reduced their risk of dementia by 30 percent compared to
those who didn't regularly eat fruits and vegetables"
Fruits And Vegetables Retain Antioxidants Long After Purchase - Science
Fruits, Veggies Don’t Cut Colon Cancer - WebMD, 9/25/07 -
"Overall, a higher intake of fruits and vegetables does
not strongly reduce your risk of colon cancer"
Diet May Defy Kids' Asthma, Allergies - WebMD, 9/12/07 -
"Kids who ate the most tomatoes, eggplants, cucumbers,
green beans, and zucchini -- more than 40 grams per day -- were at least 62%
less likely to wheeze, compared with kids who skimped on those vegetables ...
The study also shows that kids who ate more than 60 grams of fish per day were
57% less likely to test positive for allergies as those who ate the least amount
of fish (up to about 39 grams per day of fish)"
Breast Cancer: More Veggies Not Better - WebMD, 7/17/07 -
"eating more than five daily servings of fruits and
vegetables doesn't offer extra benefit"
Apples And Fish During Pregnancy May Protect Against Childhood Asthma And
Allergies - Science Daily, 5/20/07
Fruits And Vegetables: One Extra Serving Per Day May Lower Your Risk Of Head And
Neck Cancer - Science Daily, 4/16/07 -
"participants who ate six servings of
fruit and vegetables per day per 1000 calories had 29 percent less risk for head
and neck cancer than did participants who consumed one and a half servings per
1000 calories per day"
Berries May Help Prevent Cancer - WebMD, 3/26/07
Blueberries tackle bowel cancer - BBC News, 3/26/07 -
"The key ingredient, pterostilbene, is a
natural antioxidant and mops up highly reactive molecules called free radicals
that can trigger cancer growth ... Rats given a cancer-causing agent but then
fed pterostilbene had far fewer pre-cancers in their bowels than other rats ...
The blueberry compound also reduced inflammation and the rate of cell division
in the bowel"
Fruit May Sway Colon Cancer Risk - WebMD, 3/20/07 -
"The group that had the lowest risk of
having an adenoma was the group that ate a lot of fruit and avoided meat,
Canned Fruits, Veggies Healthy, Too - WebMD, 3/16/07
Veggies for Enlarged Prostate Risk - WebMD, 2/14/07 -
"Data came from more than 32,000 male
health care workers enrolled in a long-term health study that began in 1986 ...
The men who consumed the most vegetables were 11% less likely to have BPH
surgery or moderate to high BPH symptoms by 2000"
About Prostate Cancer? Tomato-broccoli Combo Shown To Be Effective - Science
Daily, 1/16/07 - "fed a diet containing
10 percent tomato powder and 10 percent broccoli powder to laboratory rats that
had been implanted with prostate cancer cells ... The tomato/broccoli combo
outperformed all other diets in shrinking prostate tumors ... The only treatment
that approached the tomato/broccoli diet's level of effectiveness was castration
... To get these effects, men should consume daily 1.4 cups of raw broccoli and
2.5 cups of fresh tomato, or 1 cup of tomato sauce, or ˝ cup of tomato paste"
Cloudy Apple Juice Has Clear Benefits - WebMD, 1/16/07 -
"cloudy -- or unclarified -- apple juice
contains up to four times the polyphenols as some types of clear apple juice"
Nitrates Lower Blood Pressure - WebMD, 12/27/06 -
"the nitrates in many vegetables may
keep blood vessels healthy and lower blood pressure"
Drinking Juice May Stall Alzheimer's - WebMD, 8/31/06 -
"people who drank fruit and vegetable
juices more than three times a week were 76% less likely to develop Alzheimer's
disease than those who drank juices less than once a week"
Berries May Help Keep Brain Sharp - WebMD, 8/24/06 -
"The radiated rats that had eaten the
plain chow performed worst on the maze tests and had the lowest dopamine levels
of any of the rats ... But the berry-eating, radiated rats didn't show those
shortfalls. Their test results were generally comparable to those of rats that
hadn't been radiated"
Juice May Boost Memory - WebMD, 8/4/06 -
"consumption of antioxidant-rich foods
such as apples and apple juice can help reduce problems associated with memory
foods with cancer curing powers? - MSNBC, 6/23/06 -
"berries are among the fruits highest in
antioxidant content and that they are excellent sources of several
phytochemicals that seem to help block cancer development"
Your Veggies, Help Your Arteries - WebMD, 6/19/06 -
"They found 38% less plaque in the
arteries of mice that had eaten the vegetable-rich diet, compared with mice that
had eaten no vegetables"
- Veggies may
keep breast cancer from returning - MSNBC, 4/14/06 -
"After about seven years, women who
began with the highest levels of carotenoids in their blood showed 43
percent less risk of developing breast cancer again when compared to women
with the lowest carotenoid levels"
Vegetarian Diet May Help Weight Loss - WebMD, 4/3/06
Fruits, Veggies Not as Vitamin Rich as in Past, Says New Data - ABC
News, 3/1/06 - "Of the 13 major
nutrients found in fruits and vegetables, six have declined substantially
... recently grown crops have shown decreases of up to 38 percent in
protein, calcium, vitamin C, phosphorus, iron and riboflavin when compared
with produce from past decades"
Fruits, Veggies Cut Stroke Risk - WebMD, 1/26/06 -
"People who reported eating more
than five daily servings of fruits and vegetables had the lowest stroke
risk. They were 26% less likely to have a stroke over 13 years than those
who ate fruits and vegetables fewer than three times daily"
Veggies in Diet May Cut Lung Cancer Risk - WebMD, 9/27/05 -
"the people who consumed the highest
amount of phytoestrogens from food had nearly half the lung cancer risk as those
with the lowest phytoestrogen intake from food" - [Abstract]
High-vegetable Diet Linked To Protection Against Pancreatic Cancer -
Science Daily, 9/19/05 - "fruits and
vegetables -- particularly vegetables -- is associated with about a 50
percent reduction in the risk of developing pancreatic cancer"
New Study Shows High-Carb, Vegan Diet Causes Major Weight Loss -
Doctor's Guide, 9/9/05 - "A low-fat,
plant-based diet is more effective at helping women lose weight and improve
insulin sensitivity than an omnivorous diet ... a low-fat, primarily vegan
diet may slow the progression of prostate cancer"
How Fruits, Veggies May Fight Arthritis - WebMD, 8/19/05 -
"a modest increase in antioxidants
from brightly colored fruits and vegetables -- equivalent to a glass of
orange juice a day -- was associated with a lower risk of inflammatory
arthritis, such as rheumatoid arthritis"
Study: Fruits, Veggies May Help Avoid Cataracts - WebMD, 6/17/05 -
"Over 10 years, the group had a
total of 2,067 cataract cases. The women who ate the most fruits and
vegetables were 10% to 15% less likely to be in that group"
Osteoporosis Seen With Raw Foods Diet - WebMD, 3/28/05
Food Vegetarian Diet May Cause Low BMD Without Evidence of Increased Bone
Turnover - Medscape, 3/28/05 - "People on a raw food (RF) vegetarian diet have low bone mineral density (BMD)
but without evidence of increased bone turnover ... Although low bone mass
is a risk factor for fracture, bone quality also plays a role. It is
therefore possible that RF vegetarians with a low bone mass may not have an
increased incidence of fractures because of good bone quality"
- Fruits, Veggies May Not Cut Breast Cancer Risk - WebMD, 1/11/04
Anticancer Diet - Time, 11/15/04 -
"eating at least 35 servings of fruits and vegetables a week can cut the risk of developing
hormone-stimulated breast-cancer tumors by 35% in postmenopausal women ... leafy greens and colorful vegetables like carrots, squash, tomatoes and peppers, which are rich in lycopene and beta carotene, are especially potent cancer fighters"
- Produce Fights Heart Disease, Not Cancer - WebMD, 11/2/04
- Got Fruit? Bones Need More Than Milk - WebMD, 10/26/04 -
"Most people eat a diet that generates acids ... This increase in acid levels is thought to
reduce bone strength ... Eating foods that buffer the acidic foods builds strong bones ... Nutrients found in fruits and vegetables may be protective for bone health ... The teenage girls who ate a large amount of fruit had the strongest bones"
- Plant Foods To The Rescue; Fruit, Vegetables Turn "Superhero" To Fight Disease - Intelihealth, 8/11/04 -
"Some phytochemicals, or
plant chemicals, knock out carcinogens and fight inflammation. Some regulate how quickly cells reproduce and spur old, damaged cells to self-destruct. Other plant chemicals perform "routine maintenance" on DNA ... most experts agree that the body needs a variety of these phytochemicals -- there are more than 25,000
of them -- to stay in top form"
- Fruit May Help Prevent Macular Degeneration - WebMD, 6/14/04 -
"people who ate three or more servings per day of fruits had a 36% lower risk of
age-related macular degeneration (ARM) compared those who ate less than one-and-a-half servings per day"
- Vegetables and fruits: Variety or powerhouse? - MSNBC, 6/11/04
- Fruits, Vegetables May Cut Stroke Risk - WebMD, 6/3/04
- Broccoli Sprouts May Protect Heart - WebMD, 4/28/04 -
"For 14 weeks, researchers fed rats broccoli sprouts that were either rich in glucoraphanin or had been depleted of the compound. By the end of the study, they found rats fed the glucoraphanin-rich
diet had decreased blood pressure and inflammation in the heart"
- Power Your Diet With Powerhouse Foods - WebMD, 3/11/04 -
"cauliflower ... lettuces such as romaine and red-leaf lettuce. Pile on the spinach. And eat
lots of broccoli and Brussels sprouts ... carrots, winter squash, sweet potatoes, cantaloupe, oranges, and grapefruit ... tomatoes, red peppers, and strawberries"
- Higher Fruit, Vegetable Intake Associated With Lower Stroke Risk - Medscape, 9/18/03 -
"Investigators observed a protective effect for infarction and a
clearer one for hemorrhage associated with daily fruit and vegetable consumption; risk reduction for
intracerebral hemorrhage was 32% in men and 30% in women"
- Eating Fruit Linked to Parkinson's Disease - WebMD, 4/2/03
- Fruits: Cancer-Fighting Foods - WebMD, 2/19/03 -
"Compared with those who ate the least fruit as children, those who ate the most were about 40% less
likely to get cancer 60 years later ... a variety of nutritional factors might explain fruit's protective effects, such as their high antioxidant, fiber, and vitamin content. But when they looked at the cancer-fighting impact of vitamins C, E, and beta carotene separately, no single
nutrient emerged as the winner"
- New Evidence Fruit and Vegetable Intake Reduces Hypertension - Doctor's Guide, 5/28/02 -
"systolic and diastolic
blood pressure decreased more in the intervention group than in the control group ... A reduction of two mm Hg in diastolic blood pressure results in a decrease of about 17 percent in the incidence of high blood pressure, six percent in the risk of coronary heart disease, and 15 percent in the risk of stroke and
transient ischaemic attack, they say"
- Equal rights for dandelions! - USA Today, 4/30/02
- Four New Studies Strongly Suggest That Components From Three Types [elderberry, chokeberry and bilberry] Of Red Berry Fruits Help Arteries - Intelihealth, 4/22/02 -
"Extracts from chokeberry and bilberry, but not elderberry, produce a direct dose-dependent relaxation of porcine coronary arteries, with chokeberry extract being the most potent. This relaxation was totally dependent on the vascular endothelium because the
extracts did not significantly contract or relax arteries in which the endothelium was removed"
- A Popular Japanese Plum [umeboshi], Now Available In The US, May Help Prevent The Onset Of Cardiac Disease - Intelihealth, 4/22/02
- Green: The Color of a Healthy Diet - WebMD, 2/21/02
- New research shows potassium-rich foods may lower your risk of stroke - HealthScout, 7/23/01
- DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) Diet Reduces Cholesterol, Long-Term Cardiac Risk - Doctor's Guide, 6/21/01
- Study: Autumn Babies Live Longer - Intelihealth, 2/26/01 -
"The authors said the difference may be related to nutrition during pregnancy. More fruits and vegetables are available
during the summer and fall months than during the winter and spring months"
Nutrient-based dietary patterns of head and neck squamous cell cancer: a factor
analysis in Uruguay - Cancer Causes Control. 2013 Mar 27 -
"The first pattern (meat-based pattern) was positively
associated with squamous cell cancer of the head and neck (OR 2.85, 95 % CI
1.81-4.15), whereas the third pattern (fruit-based) was strongly protective (OR
0.43, 95 % CI 0.27-0.63)"
intake of vegetables, folate, and antioxidants and the risk of Barrett's
esophagus - Cancer Causes Control. 2013 Feb 19 -
"When highest tertile of intake was compared with the lowest, the OR (95 % CI)
was 0.46 (0.26-0.81) for dark green vegetables, 0.52 (0.30-0.90) for legumes,
0.50 (0.28-0.90) for total fiber, 0.45 (0.25-0.81) for isoflavones, 0.52
(0.30-0.67) for total folate, and 0.45 (0.26-0.79) for lutein, adjusting for
multiple confounding factors including use of aspirin or proton pump inhibitor,
gastro-esophageal reflux symptoms, and physical activity. The association for
dark green vegetables was attenuated after adjustment for lutein, total fiber,
and total folate (OR = 0.82; 95 % CI 0.30-2.22)"
Fruits, Vegetables, and Related Vitamins and Lung Cancer Risk: Results from the
Shanghai Men's Health Study (2002-2009) - Nutr Cancer. 2013 Jan;65(1):51-61
- "investigated the association of intakes of fruits,
vegetables, dietary vitamins A and C, and folate with lung cancer risk among
61,491 adult Chinese men who were recruited into the Shanghai Men's Health
Study, a population-based, prospective cohort study. Baseline dietary intake was
assessed through a validated food frequency questionnaire during in-home visits
... median follow-up of 5.5 yr ... Intakes of green leafy vegetables,
β-carotene-rich vegetables, watermelon, vitamin A, and carotenoids were
inversely associated with lung cancer risk; the corresponding HR (95% CI)
comparing the highest with the lowest quartiles were 0.72 (0.53-0.98), 0.69
(0.51-0.94), 0.65 (0.47-0.90), 0.63 (0.44-0.88), and 0.64 (0.46-0.88). Intake of
all fruits and vegetables combined was marginally associated with lower risk.
Our study suggests that the consumption of carotenoid-rich vegetables is
inversely associated with lung cancer risk" - See Garden of Life, Radical Fruits Antioxidant Complex, 60 Caplets at iHerb.
fruit and vegetables and risk of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma: A
meta-analysis of observational studies - Int J Cancer. 2013 Jan 15 -
"computer searches of MEDLINE and EMBASE as well as
manual review of references ... A total of 32 studies involving 10,037 cases of
ESCC were included in this meta-analysis. The SRRs for the highest vs. lowest
intake were 0.56 (95% confidence interval (CI), 0.45-0.69) for vegetable intake
and 0.53 (95% CI, 0.44-0.64) for fruit intake (P(heterogeneity) <0.001 for
both). Similar results were observed in a linear dose-response analysis. There
was evidence of non-linear associations for intakes of fruit (P(non-linearity)
<0.001) and vegetables (P(nonlinearity) =0.041)"
specific fruit and vegetable consumption and risk of stroke: A prospective study
- Atherosclerosis. 2012 Dec 28 - "We prospectively
followed 74,961 participants (34,670 women and 40,291 men) who had completed
a food frequency questionnaire in the autumn of 1997 and were free from
stroke, coronary heart disease, and cancer at baseline ... 10.2 years of
follow-up ... The multivariable relative risk (RR) of total stroke for the
highest vs. lowest category of total fruit and vegetable consumption was
0.87 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.78-0.97; P for trend = 0.01). The
association was confined to individuals without hypertension (corresponding
RR, 0.81; 95% CI, 0.71-0.93; P for trend = 0.01). Among individual fruits
and vegetable subgroups, inverse associations with total stroke were
observed for apples/pears (RR, 0.89; 95% CI, 0.80-0.98; P for trend = 0.02)
and green leafy vegetables (RR, 0.92; 95% CI, 0.81-1.04; P for trend = 0.03)
... Particularly consumption of apples and pears and green leafy vegetables
was inversely associated with stroke"
Pretreatment dietary patterns, weight status, and head and neck squamous
cell carcinoma prognosis - Am J Clin Nutr. 2012 Dec 26 -
"Consumption of a diet rich in vegetables, fruit,
fish, poultry and whole grains and being overweight before diagnosis with
head and neck cancer are associated with a better prognosis"
and vegetables consumption and risk of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma: A
meta-analysis of observational studies - Int J Cancer. 2012 Dec 13 -
"searched on PubMed database from January 1966
through September 2012 to indentify case-control and cohort studies ... For
vegetables, the summary relative risks (RRs) of NHL for high vs low intake
for case-control, cohort and all studies were 0.75 (95% CI, 0.60-0.94; N=8),
0.90 (95% CI, 0.81-1.00; N=5) and 0.81 (95%CI, 0.71-0.92; N=13) ; and the
corresponding RRs for intake of 1 serving per day were 0.88 (95% CI,
0.80-0.96; N=8), 0.96 (95% CI, 0.92-1.00; N=5) and 0.92 (95%CI, 0.87-0.96;
N=13). For fruits and vegetables combined, the summary RR for high vs low
intake was 0.78 (95%CI, 0.66-0.92; N=4), and for intake of 1 serving per day
was 0.95 (95%CI, 0.91-1.00; N=4) ... Fruits intake was generally not
associated with total NHL, or any histological subtypes. Our findings
suggest that intakes of vegetables, and fruits and vegetables combined, but
not fruits alone, significantly reduce risk of NHL"
consumption of vegetables predicts lower risk of depression in older
Taiwanese - results of a prospective population-based study - Public
Health Nutr. 2011 Dec 16:1-6 - "In a regression
model that controlled for demographic, socio-economic, lifestyle and
disease/health-related variables but not cognitive status, both fruits (OR =
0.66, 95 % CI 0.45, 0.98, P = 0.038) and vegetables (OR = 0.38, 95 % CI
0.17, 0.86, P = 0.021) were protective against depressive symptoms 4 years
later. However, when the same regression model was also adjusted for
cognitive status, only vegetables (OR = 0.40, 95 % CI 0.17, 0.95, P = 0.039)
were protective against depressive symptoms. Higher consumption of eggs was
close to being significant in both regression models (P = 0.087 and 0.069,
respectively). Other food categories including meat/poultry, fish, seafood,
dairy, legumes, grains and tea showed no significant associations"
patterns and risk of oesophageal cancers: a population-based case-control
study - Br J Nutr. 2011 Sep 7:1-10 - "We
conducted a population-based case-control study, which included 365
oesophageal adenocarcinoma (OAC), 426 oesophagogastric junction
adenocarcinoma (OGJAC) and 303 oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC)
cases, with frequency matched on age, sex and geographical location to 1580
controls ... A high score on the meat-and-fat pattern was associated with
increased risk of all three cancers: multivariable-adjusted OR 2.12 (95 % CI
1.30, 3.46) for OAC; 1.88 (95 % CI 1.21, 2.94) for OGJAC; 2.84 (95 % CI
1.67, 4.83) for OSCC (P-trend < 0.01 for all three cancers). A high score on
the pasta-and-pizza pattern was inversely associated with OSCC risk (OR
0.58, 95 % CI 0.36, 0.96, P for trend = 0.009); and a high score on the
fruit-and-vegetable pattern was associated with a borderline significant
decreased risk of OGJAC (OR for Q4 v. Q1 0.66, 95 % CI 0.42, 1.04, P = 0.07)
and significantly decreased risk of OSCC (OR 0.41, 95 % CI 0.24, 0.70, P for
trend = 0.002). High-fat dairy foods appeared to play a dominant role in the
association between the meat-and-fat pattern and risk of OAC and OGJAC"
of Consumption of Vegetable, Fruit, Grain, and High Glycemic Index Foods on
Aggressive Prostate Cancer Risk - Nutr Cancer. 2011 Jul 20 -
"Here we further investigate such potential
relationships with a case-control study of 982 men (470 more aggressive
prostate cancer cases and 512 control subjects). Comparing the highest to
lowest quartiles of intake, we found that increasing intakes of leafy
vegetables were inversely associated with risk of aggressive prostate cancer
[adjusted odds ratio (OR) = 0.66, 95% CI: 0.46, 0.96; P trend = 0.02], as
was higher consumption of high carotenoid vegetables (OR = 0.71, 95% CI:
0.48, 1.04; P trend = 0.04). Conversely, increased consumption of high
glycemic index foods were positively associated with risk of aggressive
disease (OR = 1.64, 95% CI: 1.05, 2.57; P trend = 0.02). These results were
driven by a number of specific foods within the food groups. Our findings
support the hypothesis that diets high in vegetables and low in high
glycemic index foods decrease risk of aggressive prostate cancer"
of fruit and vegetables and 10-year incidence of CHD - Br J Nutr. 2011
Jun 8:1-8 - "For each 25 g/d increase in the intake
of the sum of all four colours of fruit and vegetables, a borderline
significant association with incident CHD was found (HR 0·98; 95 % CI 0·97,
1·01). No clear associations were found for the colour groups separately.
However, each 25 g/d increase in the intake of deep orange fruit and
vegetables was inversely associated with CHD (HR 0·74; 95 % CI 0·55, 1·00).
Carrots, their largest contributor (60 %), were associated with a 32 % lower
risk of CHD (HR 0·68; 95 % CI 0·48, 0·98). In conclusion, though no clear
associations were found for the four colour groups with CHD, a higher intake
of deep orange fruit and vegetables and especially carrots may protect
and Vegetables Consumption and Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma: A
Case-Control Study - Nutr Cancer. 2011 May 24:1 -
"A protective independent effect was observed for
the highest tertile of total fruit consumption (OR: 0.13, CI: 0.04-0.45, P
value = 0.001). Within the group of fruits, a significant inverse
association was observed for bananas and kiwis (P for trends: 0.03 and 0.02,
respectively). The risk of SCC decreased monotonically with increasing
intake frequency of oranges (P value for trend = 0.01). The effect of total
vegetable consumption on esophageal SCC was not significant, although a
reduction in risk was observed in the highest tertile of intake (OR: 0.66,
CI: 0.23-1.87, P value = 0.43). The results of the present study suggest a
reasonable association between fruit consumption and esophageal SCC in a
Middle Eastern high-risk population"
and Food Groups Associated With the Incidence of Colorectal Polyps: The
Adventist Health Study - Nutr Cancer. 2011 May 4:1 -
"Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a leading cause of
cancer death in the United States. The majority of CRC arise in adenomatous
polyps and 25-35% of colon adenoma risk could be avoidable by modifying diet
and lifestyle habits ... Multivariate analysis adjusted by age, sex, body
mass index, and education showed a protective association with higher
frequency of consumption of cooked green vegetables (OR 1 time/d vs. <5/wk =
0.76, 95% CI = 0.59-0.97) and dried fruit (OR 3+ times/wk vs. <1 time/wk =
0.76, 95%CI = 0.58-0.99). Consumption of legumes at least 3 times/wk reduced
the risk by 33% after adjusting for meat intake. Consumption of brown rice
at least 1 time/wk reduced the risk by 40%. These associations showed a
dose-response effect. High frequency of consumption of cooked green
vegetables, dried fruit, legumes, and brown rice was associated with a
decreased risk of colorectal polyps"
and vegetable intake and mortality from ischaemic heart disease: results
from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition
(EPIC)-Heart study - Eur Heart J. 2011 Jan 18 -
"average of 8.4 years ... Participants consuming at least eight portions (80
g each) of fruits and vegetables a day had a 22% lower risk of fatal IHD
[relative risk (RR) = 0.78, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.65-0.95]
compared with those consuming fewer than three portions a day. After
calibration of fruit and vegetable intake to account for differences in
dietary assessment between the participating centres, a one portion (80 g)
increment in fruit and vegetable intake was associated with a 4% lower risk
of fatal IHD (RR = 0.96, 95% CI: 0.92-1.00, P for trend = 0.033). Conclusion
Results from this large observational study suggest that a higher intake of
fruits and vegetables is associated with a reduced risk of IHD mortality.
Whether this association is causal and, if so, the biological mechanism(s)
by which fruits and vegetables operate to lower IHD risks remains unclear"
patterns and risk of breast cancer - Br J Cancer. 2010 Dec 14 -
"only that characterised by high consumption of
fruit and salad was associated with a reduced risk, with stronger
associations observed for tumours not expressing oestrogen (ER) and
progesterone receptors (PR). Compared with women in the lowest quintile of
the factor score, the hazard ratio for women in the highest quintile was
0.92 (95% confidence interval (CI)=0.70-1.21; test for trend, P=0.5) for
ER-positive or PR-positive tumours and 0.48 (95% CI=0.26-0.86; test for
trend, P=0.002) for ER-negative and PR-negative tumours"
Fruit and Vegetable Consumption and Arterial Pulse Wave Velocity in
Adulthood: The Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study - Circulation.
2010 Nov 29 - "Vegetable consumption in childhood
was inversely associated with adulthood PWV (β=-0.06, P=0.02), and this
association remained significant (β=-0.07, P=0.004) when adjusted for
traditional risk factors (high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density
lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides, systolic blood pressure, body mass
index, and smoking). Vegetable consumption was also an independent predictor
of PWV in adulthood when adjusted for lifestyle or traditional risk factors
(β=-0.08, P=0.002 and β=-0.07, P=0.0007, respectively). Persistently high
consumption of both fruits and vegetables from childhood to adulthood was
associated with lower PWV compared with persistently low consumption (P=0.03
for both). The number of lifestyle risk factors (the lowest quintile for
vegetable consumption, fruit consumption, physical activity, and smoking) in
childhood was directly associated with PWV in adulthood (P=0.001). This
association remained significant when adjusted for the number of lifestyle
risk factors in adulthood ... lifetime lifestyle risk factors, with low
consumption of fruits and vegetables in particular, are related to arterial
stiffness in young adulthood"
fruit and cancer risk in a network of case-control studies - Cancer
Causes Control. 2009 Oct 24 - "The ORs for the
highest versus lowest category of citrus fruit consumption were 0.47 (95%
confidence interval, CI, 0.36-0.61) for oral and pharyngeal, 0.42 (95% CI,
0.25-0.70) for esophageal, 0.69 (95% CI, 0.52-0.92) for stomach, 0.82 (95%
CI, 0.72-0.93) for colorectal, and 0.55 (95% CI, 0.37-0.83) for laryngeal
vegetables, and colorectal cancer risk: the European Prospective
Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition - Am J Clin Nutr. 2009 Apr 1 -
"After an average follow-up of 8.8 y, 2,819 incident
CRC cases were reported. Consumption of fruit and vegetables was inversely
associated with CRC in a comparison of the highest with the lowest EPIC-wide
quintile of consumption (HR: 0.86; 95% CI: 0.75, 1.00; P for trend = 0.04),
particularly with colon cancer risk (HR: 0.76; 95% CI: 0.63, 0.91; P for
trend < 0.01). Only after exclusion of the first 2 y of follow-up were these
findings corroborated by calibrated continuous analyses for a 100-g increase
in consumption: HRs of 0.95 (95% CI: 0.91, 1.00; P = 0.04) and 0.94 (95% CI:
0.89, 0.99; P = 0.02), respectively. The association between fruit and
vegetable consumption and CRC risk was inverse in never and former smokers,
but positive in current smokers"
and vegetable consumption and risk factors for cardiovascular disease -
Metabolism. 2009 Apr;58(4):460-8 - "Consumption of
fruits and vegetables is associated with lower concentrations of total and
low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and with the risk of CVD per se in a
of plant foods and associated nutrients in prostate cancer risk - Nutr
Cancer. 2009;61(2):216-24 - "Plant foods and
associated nutrients may impact prostate cancer (PC) risk and survival ...
Reduced PC risk was associated with the highest tertile of cryptoxanthin (OR
= 0.51; 95% CI = 0.35-0.75), fiber (OR = 0.56; 95% CI = 0.35-0.89), vitamin
C (OR = 0.60; 95% CI = 0.41-0.88), and fruits and/or fruit juices (OR =
0.46; 95% CI = 0.31-0.68), with significant linear trends. Increased risk of
PC was associated with the highest tertile of protein (OR = 1.99; 95% CI =
1.05-3.79) and daily servings of grains (OR = 1.99; 95% CI = 1.23-3.22) with
significant linear trends"
and Vegetable Intakes Are Associated with Lower Risk of Colorectal Adenomas
- J Nutr. 2008 Dec 17 - "The odds ratio for upper
tertile intake compared with lower was 0.66 (95% CI = 0.51-0.86) for total
fruits, 0.64 (95% CI = 0.47-0.87) for berries, 0.72 (95% CI = 0.56-0.92) for
fruit juice, and 0.74 (95% CI = 0.58-0.96) for green vegetables. This study
provides additional evidence that high total fruit intake and certain fruit
and vegetable intakes may be associated with a reduced risk of colorectal
Fruit and vegetable intake and head and neck cancer risk in a large United
States prospective cohort study - Int J Cancer. 2007 Dec 18 -
"Results from this large prospective observational
study are consistent with previous case-control studies and support the
hypothesis that total fruit and vegetable intake is associated with reduced
risk of head and neck cancer"
Dietary patterns and surgically treated benign prostatic hyperplasia: a case
control study in Western Australia - BJU Int. 2007 Dec 5 -
"BPH risk was not associated with the 'Health
Conscious' or 'Western' patterns, but there was a lower risk with an
increasing score for the 'Vegetable' pattern (odds ratio 0.78, 95%
confidence interval 0.63-0.98). BPH risk was significantly and inversely
related to the intake of total vegetables, dark yellow vegetables, other
vegetables, tofu and red meat. There was a higher risk of BPH with
increasing intake of high-fat dairy products"
Intake of fruits, vegetables, and soy foods in relation to breast cancer
risk in Korean women: a case-control study - Nutr Cancer.
2007;57(1):20-7 - "Increasing consumption of grapes
was linked to a significant protective effect against risk of breast cancer
(OR=0.66; 95% CI=0.41-0.86; P<0.01). Among the vegetables, reduced risk was
observed with high tomato intake (OR=0.62; 95% CI=0.38-0.81; P<0.01). Among
soy foods, high consumption of cooked soybeans, including yellow and black
soybeans, had an association with reduced breast cancer (OR=0.67; 95%
Fruit and vegetable intakes, dietary antioxidant nutrients, and total
mortality in Spanish adults: findings from the Spanish cohort of the
European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC-Spain).
- Am J Clin Nutr. 2007 Jun;85(6):1634-42 -
"A high intake of fresh fruit, root
vegetables, and fruiting vegetables is associated with reduced mortality,
probably as a result of their high content of vitamin C, provitamin A
carotenoids, and lycopene"
Dietary patterns and blood pressure change over 5-y follow-up in the
SU.VI.MAX cohort - Am J Clin Nutr. 2007 Jun;85(6):1650-6 -
"high fruit and vegetable intakes
may be associated with a lower increase in BP with aging"
The effects of a high-fruit and -vegetable, high-fiber, low-fat dietary
intervention on serum concentrations of insulin, glucose, IGF-I and IGFBP-3
- Eur J Clin Nutr. 2007 May 9 - "A
low-fat, high-fiber, high-fruit and -vegetable dietary intervention had
minimal impact on serum concentrations of insulin, glucose, IGF-I and
IGFBP-3 overall, but in lean subjects the intervention resulted in a
significant reduction in serum glucose concentration"
Fruit and vegetable consumption, intake of micronutrients, and benign prostatic
hyperplasia in US men - Am J Clin Nutr. 2007 Feb;85(2):523-9 -
"Vegetable consumption was inversely
associated with BPH (fifth compared with first quintile-OR: 0.89; 95% CI: 0.80,
0.99; P for trend = 0.03), whereas fruit intake was not. Consumption of fruit
and vegetables rich in beta-carotene (P for trend = 0.004), lutein (P for trend
= 0.0004), or vitamin C (P for trend = 0.05) was inversely related to BPH. With
increasing vitamin C intake from foods, men were less likely to have BPH (P for
trend = 0.0009). Neither alpha- nor gamma-tocopherol intake from foods was
associated with BPH"
Concentrated red grape juice exerts antioxidant, hypolipidemic, and
antiinflammatory effects in both hemodialysis patients and healthy subjects
- Am J Clin Nutr. 2006 Jul;84(1):252-62 - "Dietary supplementation with
concentrated RGJ improves the lipoprotein profile, reduces plasma
concentrations of inflammatory biomarkers and oxidized LDL, and may favor a
reduction in cardiovascular disease risk"
Fruit and vegetable intake and the risk of cataract in women
- Am J Clin Nutr. 2005 Jun;81(6):1417-1422 - "Compared with women in the lowest
quintile of fruit and vegetable intake, women with higher intakes had modest
10-15% reduced risks of cataract"
Fruit and vegetable consumption and cognitive decline in
aging women - Ann Neurol 2005;57:713-720 - "Fruits were not
associated with cognition or cognitive decline. However, total vegetable
intake was significantly associated with less decline. Specifically, on a
global score combining all tests, women in the highest quintile of
cruciferous vegetables declined slower (by 0.04 unit; 95% confidence
interval, 0.003, 0.07; p trend = 0.1) compared with the lowest quintile.
Women consuming the most green leafy vegetables also experienced slower
decline than women consuming the least amount (by 0.05 unit; 95% confidence
interval, 0.02, 0.09; p trend < 0.001). These mean differences were
equivalent to those observed for women about 1 to 2 years apart in age"
Frequency of fruit and vegetable consumption and coronary heart disease in France and Northern Ireland: the PRIME study - Br J Nutr. 2004 Dec;92(6):963-72 -
"There was no evidence for any association between vegetable intake and total CHD events. In conclusion, frequency of citrus fruit, but not other fruits, intake is associated with lower rates of acute coronary events in both France and Northern Ireland"
- Intake of fruits, vegetables and selected micronutrients in relation to the risk of breast cancer - Epidemiology, 3/10/03